What is the significance of the time period from April 29 to November 6, 2018? It’s time to celebrate the signing of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie!
One hundred fifty years ago, the Treaty of Fort Laramie was signed. It took seven months to complete. It was negotiated and signed by the Native American Nations of the Northern Great Plains April 29 through November 6, 1868, and has impacted almost every person and community indigenous to the United States.
Life After the Signing of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie
After the treaty was signed by the last tribe, American Indian tribes were moved to reservations. The transition from their nomadic lifestyle to a more controlled way of life was harsh and sudden. This included new ways of education and government. They were prohibited from their cultural traditions. Even so, in spite of the negative impact, their respective American Indian sovereign nations, traditions, and their cultural heritage thought to have disappeared, resurfaced and survived. And the ways they lived their lives are commonly practiced once again today.
To Commemorate the 150th Anniversary
To commemorate the 150th anniversary of the signing of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie, Honoring the Spirit will be held at Fort Laramie National Historic Site.
The celebration will begin on April 28, 2018, with a very public opening ceremony. It will begin by greeting the day in the traditional way at sunrise. The rest of the event will include prayer, smudging, drums, songs, dancing, Native history Before Trappers, Traders, and Forts, Native perspectives on the treaties, an Embassy On the Plains presentation by the National Park Service, and remarks from government and high-ranking American Indian leaders. All those attending will have an opportunity to connect personally with tribal representatives and learn about specific cultural traditions and teachings.
The initial tribal encampment will extend from April 28 through May 1, 2018, while the Lakota/Dakota nations will commemorate the principal signing date for “The Great Sioux Nation” on April 29 along with the Arapaho and Cheyenne.
April 30 and May 1 will feature presentations, discussions, and demonstrations related to the significance of the 1851 (Horse Creek) Treaty, the attempt at an 1866 Treaty, and the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie. A Lakota encampment will provide seven teachings of the Seven Council Fires, as well as opportunities for attendees to learn the unique perspectives of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Crow, Dakota and Lakota nations throughout the day. Lakota youth from the St. Francis Indian School will present a detailed examination of what the treaty means to them. Tribal sovereignty and the future of treaty rights will also be explored. Throughout the opening weekend, vendors for native foods and traditional art will be available.
There will be private ceremonies open only to invited guests of the tribes, but most activities will be open to the general public.
During the remainder of the commemoration period, symposiums will be offered monthly throughout the summer, which will be interspersed with speakers and demonstrations of cultural traditions. The commemoration for the 150th Anniversary of the signing of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie will conclude on November 6, with a solemn remembrance of Red Cloud’s signing of the treaty in a final act to ensure the survival of his people.
Visit Fort Laramie National Historic Site for more information.
Come learn, understand, and gain a greater appreciation for the cultural traditions of the Native American Indian tribes.
The National Park Service’s staff at Fort Laramie National Historic Site is proud to co-sponsor the commemoration with its Native American partners. Fort Laramie National Historic Site is open from sunrise to sunset daily, and admission is free. Please call 307-837-2221 for more information or click here for the full schedule, (Please note that the schedule is subject to change so please check for revised versions).
Call Arnold and Kathy Tollefson, owners of Fort Laramie Bed and Breakfast, at 1 (307) 532-6496 to check for available dates during the 150th Anniversary of the signing of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie through September. Unfortunately, no rooms are available the weekend of April 28 and 29. Please check with area hotels for room availability for event April 28 and 29.
1 (307) 532-6496
Open on a limited basis October thru April